Anshul Jain
DevNuisance

DevNuisance

Await Async () - Modern Javascript

Await Async () - Modern Javascript

Anshul Jain's photo
Anshul Jain
Β·Jul 10, 2021Β·

2 min read

Subscribe to my newsletter and never miss my upcoming articles

ES6 offers a new way of writing more readable and scalable code to handle promises. In this article, we are going to discuss async and await in Javascript.

Before jumping on the topic, Let's discuss Asynchronous and Synchronous programming first.

Asynchronous and Synchronous

Javascript by default provides a single-threaded or synchronous programming environment which means it performs one operation at a time. When one operation is completed, only then another operation will start. This makes other operations wait or block hence called Blocking.

In Asynchronous programming, one operation does not block the other operations. In fact, they execute in parallel. The Asynchronous operation executes in the background, making space for other operations to take place.

Asynchronous functions are important in Javascript programming. With the help of asynchronous functions, you can take care of other things without blocking the main program. For example, Fetching data from an API. Fetching data sometimes takes time and we should not block the main thread until data loads completely. We can write asynchronous operations to fetch data without blocking the main thread.

Async and Await in Javascript are one way to work with asynchronous functions/code.

Async

In Javascript, we can create async functions using the async keyword. These functions always return a promise.

async function fnName(){
  console.log('Hi! I am an async function');
}

or

const fnName = async ()=> {};

since the async function returns a promise, you can use the method chaining like below

fnName().then((result: any)=> {
  console.log(result);
});

Can I use the return keyword in async functions?

Yes. When you use the return statement to return a value from an async function, that function will return a resolved promise. value of the promise will be the value promise returned.

Await

The Await keyword in Javascript is used with the async function to wait for the operation to complete. You can use the await keyword only in the async functions.

async ()=> {
     let value = await promise;
};

await keyword suspends the function execution until the promise settles/resolves.

Benefits of Async functions

  1. Code becomes more readable, maintainable, and scalable.
  2. Simple error handling through theTry...Catch block.

I hope this article helped you to understand the usage of async and await keywords. If you have any suggestions, please let me know in the comments section.

Β 
Share this